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Bed Bugs


Description:
    Small parasitic insects
    Smells like cilantro, coriander, almonds, or over-ripe raspberries.
    Adults
    Light brown to reddish-brown
    Flattened
    Oval shaped
    4-5 mm in length, 1.5-3mm wide
    Nymphs
    Translucent
    Lighter in colour and become browner as they mould and reach maturity

Reproduction                 
    Lifespan varies by species and is also dependant on feeding.
    Has 6 life stages (5 immature and an adult stage)
    Eggs
    Females can lay from 1-12 eggs each day
    Eggs are dropped on rough surfaces or in cracks and crevices.
    Eggs are coated with sticky glue
    Will hatch in 6-17 days
    Nymphs will reach adulthood between 5 weeks and 4 months, depending on how much food they have consumed and temperature
    Can live around 12-18 months
    Over 3 generations can occur in one year
Habits/Habitats:
    Feed exclusively on the blood of warm-blooded animals
    Active mainly at night (not nocturnal)
    Use pheromones and kairomones to communicate regarding nesting locations, feeding, and reproduction
    Can live for a year without a blood feeding
    Feed every 5-10 days
    Will usually remain close to its host
    Harborage areas include but are not limited to:
    Luggage, vehicles, furniture, bedside clutter
    May nest near animals that have nested within a dwelling
    Bats, birds, or rodents
    Will spread from room to room
    Normally will start off in the bed, but will spread throughout the house and hide in cracks and crevices
Detection/ Signs:
    Often lodge in unnoticed dark crevices
    Fecal spots, blood smears on sheets/mattress, and molts
    Hiding places
    Mattresses (especially the seams)
    Couches
    Box springs
    Bed frames
    Behind head boards
Ways to become infested:
    Can “hitchhike” on pets, clothing, and luggage
    Moving trucks
    Purchasing furniture and other household items from used good stored
    Flea markets, good will, garage sales
    High Risk areas:
    Hotels, motels, and apartments
    High turnover rate
    Keep luggage off of the floor
Threats:
    Skin rashes
    Psychological effects
    Allergic symptoms
Prevention Tips
    When traveling, keep your luggage off of the floor
    Reduce clutter around the house
    Check all second hand beds, bedding, and furniture
    Examine the bed and headboard area for signs of bedbugs when traveling
    Wash, dry or freeze clothing bought at a garage sales or second hand stores right away
Bite-Away’s Treatment Method:
    Liquid
    ExciteR
    Mattresses, box springs, and bed frames
    Baseboards, moldings, flooring, closets, shelves, furniture, picture frames