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Subterranean Termites

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Description:
    Social Insects
    Three Castes
    Reproductives- Swarmers
    Have a pair of equally sized wings
    Wings break off after swarming
    Dark brown to almost black
    3/8 inch long
    Wings are brownish gray with few hairs
    Workers
    Soldiers
    Wingless
    White bodies
    Rectangular yellow brown heads (2x longer than their width)
    Large mandibles which lack teeth

Habits/Habitat:
    Colonies are usually located in soil from which the workers build mud tubes to structural wood where they feed.
    Colonies are always connected to the soil and/or close to a moisture source
    Swarms usually occur in the mornings after a warm rain
    A male and female that have swarmed from an established colony lose their wings and seek a dark cavity which they mate and raise their first group of workers
    The soldiers are produces as the colony increases in size, are responsible for repelling invading antsa and other predators.

Reproduction:
    Queen produces 5,000 to 10,000 eggs per year
    An average colony consist of 60,000 to 250, 000 individuals
    A queen may live up to 30 years
    Workers may live up to 5 years

Drywood Termites

termites-tunnel

 


TERMITES

Termite control begins with a thorough inspection of the structure and the preparation of a “not to scale” graph of the structures foundation and/or any floors which show either termite activity or visible damage.
 
Drywood Termite Control
 
(1)   Fumigation: Required if infestation is significant, located in multiple areas throughout the structure, or originating from an inaccessible area.

(2)   Localized chemical or non-chemical treatment: Can be done successfully if level of infestation is minimal and originating from a totally accessible area.  Subterranean Termite Control
 
(1)   Involves chemical treatment of soil at areas above location infestation to place a chemical barrier between the termite colony and the wood structure of the building.

(2)   When source of infestation is under a concrete slab, a sequence of holes must be drilled through the slab and chemical is pressure injected into the soil. The drill holes are then resealed with concrete.

(3)   When source of infestation is under the crawl space, or at interior / exterior foundation walls, The soil must be trenched, the termiticide is applied and recovered with soil.

 
 
CONTROL DE TERMITAS COMIENZA CON UNA INSPECION CUIDADOSA DE LA ESTRUCTURA Y LA REPARACION DE UN GRAFICO "NO A ESCALA"  DE LA FUNDACION DE LA ESTRUCTURA Y/O CUALQUIER PISO QUE ENSEÑE ACTIVIDAD DE TERMITA O DAÑO VISIBLE.
 
CONTROL DE LA TERMITA DE DRYWOOD
 
(1) FUMIGACION: REQUERIDO SI INFESTACION ES SIGNIFICATIVA, LOCALIZADO EN MULTIPLE AREAS POR TODA LA ESTRUCTURA, O ORIGINANDO DE UNA AREA INACCESIBLE.
 
(2) TRATAMIENTO DE QUIMICO LOCALIZADO O SIN QUIMICOS: PUEDE SER UTIL SI EL NIVEL DE INFESTACION ES MINIMO, Y ORIGINANDO DE UNA AREA TOTALMENTE ACESIBLE. 
 
CONTROL DE LA TERMITA SUBTERRANEA
 
(1) INDICA TRATAMIENTO QUIMICO DEL SUELO  EN AREAS SOBRE LA LOCALIZACION DE LA INFESTACION PONIENDO UNA BARRERA DE QUIMICO ENTRE LA COLONIA DE LA TERMITA Y LA ESTRUCTURA DE MADERA DEL EDIFICIO.
 
(2) CUANDO LA FUENTE DE LA INFESTACION ESTA DEBAJO DE UNA LOSA CONCRETA, UNA SECUENCIA DE AGUJEROS DEBE SER CANAL PERFORADO POR LA LOSA Y EL QUIMICO ES PRESION INYECTADO EN LA TIERRA.
 
(3) CUANDO LA FUENTE DE LA INFESTACION ESTA DEBAJO DEL ARRASTRE, O EN LAS PAREDES DE LA FUNDACION INTERIORES/EXTERIORES. LA TIERRA DEBE SER ZANJADA , DESPUES TERMITICIDE SE APLICA Y SE RECUPERA CON TIERRA.
TERMITAS

 

Description:
    Social Insects
    Three Caste
    Reproductives - (Swarmers)
    Long wings
    Wings are broken off after swarming
    Abdomen is joined at the thorax
    Light yellowish brown and wings gave 3 or more dark veins
    3/8-5/8 inch long
    Have red-brown heads and thoraxes.
    Soldiers
    Have large, parallel sided, red brown heads with massive mandibles
    Bodies are light colored
    Fecal pellets are hard, elongated oval shaped
    Nymphs are creamy-white with a yellowish brown head

Habits/ Habitat
    Swarming can occur anytime (spring- summer)
    Most swarm at night and are attracted to light
    The nymph performs the task of a worker
    Colonies do not survive in unheated structures
    Can establish a colony in a totally non-decaying wood and maintain residence as long as the wood last
    Colonies are found in various locations
    Attics, door and window frames, trim, eave, and furniture
    Feed across the grain of the wood, creating chambers (galleries)
    Very clean and appear to be sanded smooth
    The first signs of infestation are swarmers or the accumulation of fecal pellets below “kick out” holes

Reproduction
    The male and female swarmers locate a crack or knothole in a piece of wood
    Gnaw a small tunnel; seal the entry; excavate a small gallery, and mate
    The first year they produce a few eggs, one soldier and 20 nymphs
    The colony slowly builds after 15 years a mature colony could have 3,000 individuals.
    After 7 molts, the nymph become either an adult reproductive or soldiers

 

Bees

BEES

Honeybee:
 
(1)   Most commonly encountered
(2)   Will sting if provoked or hive is threatened
(3)   Number from 20,000 to 60,000 per hive
(4)   May nest at eaves, wall voids, attics and other parts of a structure
 
Control:
 
(1)   Pest inspection
(2)   Pesticide application
(3)   Hive removal (always recommended)
(4)   Exclusion to prevent reentry if needed
 
Carpenter Bee:
 
(1)   Males do not sting, but females will sting if molested
(2)   Does only minor damage to wood. Bores through wood to create nests
 
Control:
 
(1)   Termite inspection
(2)   Fumigation or chemical treatment

ABEJAS
ABEJAS DE MIEL:
 
(1) ENCUENTRO MAS COMUN
(2) PICARA SI ES PROVOCADA, O SI LA COLMENA ES AMENAZADA
(3) NUMERADAS ENTRE 20,000 A 60,000 POR COLMENA
(4) PUEDE NIDAR EN LOS ALEROS, LOS VACIOS DE LA PARED, EL ATICO, Y OTRAS PARTES DE UNA ESTRUCTURA
 
CONTROL:
 
(1) INSPECION DE PARASITOS
(2) APLICACION DE PESTICIDAS
(3) REMUEVO DE COLMENA (SIEMPRE RECOMENDADO)
(4) EXCLUSION PARA PREVENIR REINGRESO SI ES NECESARIO
 
ABEJA CARPINTERA:
 
(1) VARONES NO PICAN, PERO FEMENINAS SI PICAN SI SON MOLESTADAS
(2) HACE SOLAMENTE DAÑO MINIMO A MADERA. TALADRA A TRAVES DE MADERA PARA CREAR NIDO.
 
CONTROL:
 
(1) INSPECION DE TERMITAS/PARASITOS

(2) FUMIGACION O TRATAMIENTO QUIMICO


Description

  • Have 2 pairs of wings
  • Fuzzy yellow-brown to black appearance
  • Abdomen has a striped appearance
  • Have 3 castes in their colonies
    • Workers
      • ½ to 5/8 inch long
      • Have well developed heads
      • 2 short antennae
      • Large eyes
    • Queens
      • Largest member of the colony
      • 5/8 to ¾ inch long
    • Drones “Males”
      • 5/2 inch long
      • Stout and dark
  • A colony generally contains 1 queen bee
    • A fertile female
  • Eggs are laid in singly in a cell in a wax honeycomb, produced and shaped by the worker bees
  • The queen bee is capable of producing 1,000- 2,000 eggs per day
  • Drones serve to solely fertilize the queens and are driven off by workers once they have served this task.
  • Workers live 5-7 weeks during the summer.
  • Social Insects
  • Live in colonies or hives
  • Has as many as 20,000-80,000 workers
  • Workers
    • Collect nectar and pollen from plants (pollinating)
    • Produce honey and fashion honey combs
    • Feeds the queen and the larvae(young workers)
    • Gathers pollen and nectar for the colony (older workers)
  • Only become aggressive and will sting when their colony is threatened
  • Swarm when the queen begins to fail or the colony is too large
    • Swarm lasts 24-48 hours